Detail of Blue Wholecloth Quilt
Patchwork is the sewing together of scraps of fabric to create a new textile. Originally sewn by hand the scraps can be arranged in a random fashion as in crazy patchwork or arranged in patterns which are given name such as bears paw. Templates can be used as in English Paper Piecing. You can draw a pattern on a backing fabric then use that as the template you get foundation piecing.